E-cigarettes/"Vapes"

Electronic smoking devices (or “vaping” devices or e-cigarettes) are a fairly new tobacco product that have been sold in the U.S. for about a decade.  Many people think that these devise produce nothing more than harmless water vapor.  This ins’t true.  These devices allow users to inhale an aerosol containing nicotine and other harmful substances.  The aerosol is a combination of liquid with very small, solid particles mixed in, many of which are unsafe.  E-cigarettes/”vapes” are also called “vape pens,
hookah pens, e-hookahs, vaporizers, e-cigars, pod-based systems, and e-pipes.  Some devices look like pens or even USB flash drives, such as JUUL.

Are e-cigarettes less harmful than cigarettes (1)?
There has been no FDA oversight in the production of these devices, which means tobacco companies are self-reporting on the ingredients.  All JUUL pods contain nicotine, as well as some of the flavored pods.  Manufacturers of the juices used in e-cigarettes/”vapes” are required to have warning labels indicating that they contain nicotine, but don’t have to disclose the ingredients so consumers do not always know what they are getting.

The important things to remember are:

What are the most common reasons youth use e-cigarettes in the U.S. (1)?

Take ONE Step to Protect Your Loved Ones from E-cigarettes/"Vapes"

Knowing and understanding the dangers will help you create safe breathing environments as well as inform other parents of the risks, myths, and preventive measures regarding secondhand smoke and aerosols (2).

If you’re ready to change your tobacco use, check out these support resources.

Secondhand Aerosol (“Vapor”) From E-cigarettes/"Vapes"

Harmful substances such as nicotine, ultrafine particles, flavoring chemicals, heavy metals (nickel, tin, lead), and cancer-causing agents are contained in the aerosol that users breathe from the device and exhale (3).  The inhalation of such harmful chemicals can cause irreversible lung damage and lung disease.  Aerosol from these devices is like secondhand smoke.

Is the aerosol from e-cigarettes/”vapes” air pollution?
Yes, ultrafine particulate matter is an air pollutant that is a concern for people’s health especially their heart and lungs.  These particles are in very high concentrations on heavy pollution days, which can be found in the air during wildfire season, and were found in places that allowed indoor smoking of tobacco.  Now, we are finding the same levels of high concentrations in places where e-cigarettes/”vapes” are used.

Adults and children need to be in aerosol (“vapor”) free environments to protect themselves from the dangerous chemicals that come from e-cigarette/”vape” products.

Can e-cigarettes/”vapes” be used to quit smoking (6)?
These devices are not an approved smoking cessation aid by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).  There are only seven approved cessation aids: patches, gum, lozenges, inhaler, nasal spray, Chantix (varenicline), and Wellbutrin/Zyban (bupropion).

Be ONE Step closer to a better environment for kids by helping kids with asthma breathe easy

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References

  1. American Lung Association “E-cigarettes, Vapes and JUULs: What Parents Should Know.”  Retrieved from: https://www.lung.org/stop-smoking/smoking-facts/e-cigarettes-parents.html
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention “2006 Surgeon General’s Report Highlights – How to Protect Yourself and Your Loved Ones from Secondhand Smoke.”  Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/sgr/2006/pdfs/protect-from-shs.pdf
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention “Quick Facts on the Risks of E-cigarettes for Kids, Teens, and Young Adults.”  Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/e-cigarettes/Quick-Facts-on-the-Risks-of-E-cigarettes-for-Kids-Teens-and-Young-Adults.html
  4. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine “Public Health Consequences of E-cigarettes.”  Retrieved from: https://www.nap.edu/resource/24952/012318ecigaretteConclusionsbyEvidence.pdf
  5. University of California, San Francisco “Measuring Aerosol Particle Emissions from Cannabis Vaporization and Dabbing.”  Retrieved from: https://no-smoke.org/wp-content/uploads/pdf/2018-Indoor-Air-Cannabis01-Schick.pdf
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention “About Electronic Cigarettes (E-Cigarettes).”  Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/e-cigarettes/about-e-cigarettes.html